Stain is a common skin problem seen in both men and women today. Skin spots can occur due to rashes, infections, birthmarks and many different reasons. Although some skin blemishes are harmless, they can cause an aesthetically unsightly appearance. Skin stains can cause a person’s self-confidence to be damaged. Some skin blemishes may require medical attention. The skin contains the pigment melanin, which gives the skin its color. The amount of melanin pigment in the skin of people determines the darkness of the skin. The more melanin you have, the darker your skin color will be. Melanin also determines hair and eye color. Skin spots are easy to spot because they have a different color from the general skin color. Skin spots can be blue, gray, red, dark or light in color. In order to treat blemishes, it is first necessary to understand why skin blemishes occur. The specialist will treat the causes of the stain.
The causes of skin blemishes can be listed as follows:
Some causes are congenital, while others occur later. Birthmarks are congenital. Some birthmarks may disappear over time, but most are permanent. Birthmarks are known to be vascular or pigmented. While the so-called vascular spots turn red, they appear because of abnormal blood vessels in the skin.
Birthmark types are generally examined under two headings as vascular and pigmented. These species are also divided into different classes within themselves. Vascular birthmark types can be listed as follows:
Strawberry nevus is also called a hemangioma. It is the most common type. It will be red in color. It usually occurs on the back, chest and face. It is not mandatory to be treated for this birthmark. Port wine stains are purple in color. Cosmetic intervention is required for these birthmarks. Salmon spot is also known as nevus simplex. They can be solid red or pink. Studies have shown that 40 percent of babies have this type of birthmark.
Pigmented birthmarks can be listed as follows:
The cafe au lait spot is usually seen on fair skin. It becomes oval shaped and disappears as the child grows. Moles are usually harmless. It can be black or brown. If I have a change in shape, color or texture, it is absolutely necessary to go to the doctor. Finally, Mongolian blue spots occur on the back and buttocks. They can be blue or gray in color. They disappear as the child grows.
Pigmentations that cause skin blemishes are generally common among people with dark skin tones. The types of disorders can be listed as follows:
People with albinos do not produce enough melanin. This means that there is very little pigment in the hair, eyes and skin. This disease is genetic. That is, the faulty gene must be inherited from one or both of the parents.
Vitiligo can affect any part of the body. Due to melanocytes, the cells responsible for melanin production cannot function properly. This leads to the formation of open skin patches. Changes in the person’s hair color may occur. The exact cause of this disease is still unknown. However, experts say that a condition related to the immune system causes these spots.
Melasma usually affects the face and causes brown spots to form on the face. It is more common in women than men. It can occur due to hormonal changes or exposure to the sun. Hyperpigmentation occurs after burn skin trauma. It can be temporary or permanent.
Types of skin rash can be listed under 4 headings as follows:
Eczema is also called atopic dermatitis. It can lead to the appearance of dry, itchy and red skin patches. The cause of eczema is not known exactly, but it is thought to be a genetic predisposition. It is more common in people with hay fever, asthma and other allergies.
Contact dermatitis manifests itself through a reaction to an allergen that irritates the skin. Psoriasis can occur anywhere on the body. Exfoliation on the skin leads to the formation of silvery rashes. Physicians say that the cause of psoriasis is related to the immune system.
Finally, rosacea causes red patches. It is a chronic condition. It is usually seen on the forehead, cheeks and nose. Spots can be treated .
In order to diagnose the skin spot, the physician asks the patient some questions. Some of these questions can be listed as follows:
The physician may want to examine the patient’s skin under a lamp. In some cases, a skin biopsy and blood tests may be ordered. In the skin biopsy method, the physician takes a small skin sample from the skin and examines it under a microscope. It is extremely important to diagnose and find the cause of the stain in terms of treatment.
In order to treat the skin blemish, it is necessary to first identify the cause of the skin blemish. Treating the underlying cause allows skin blemishes to disappear on their own. If the cause of the skin blemish is skin cancer, it is vital that the person be treated as soon as possible. Therefore, skin blemishes should not be underestimated. Treatment is not necessary due to birthmarks and skin pigmentation problems. However, people may want to be treated in terms of aesthetic appearance. Among the treatment options, the following methods are most preferred:
Spot Treatment should be done by a dermatologist. If people are uncomfortable with their stains, they can cover their stains with make-up products. However, people who want to get rid of the root of the stain will definitely need to benefit from one of the professional methods listed above.
Two different methods can be preferred to treat skin stains with peeling . The person can get rid of their spots with chemical peeling or enzyme peeling. Chemical peeling method is also called peeling. Chemical solutions are used for this process. One of the most used ingredients for stain treatment is gluconic acid. This acid is obtained from fruits. It is recommended to use chemical peeling method for light spot treatments. It will be sufficient to perform the sessions in the form of 4 to 6 applications between 2 and 4 weeks.
The enzyme peeling method is a relatively new method. A special mixture mask is applied to the skin. This mask should be left on the skin for 8 to 10 hours. After the time is up, the mask is cleaned with warm water. This treatment should be continued for 4 to 6 months. Cream should also be used in the treatment.
Color lightening or sunscreen creams can be preferred to treat the skin spot with cream . You should know that these creams also protect from phone and computer light. Creams can be used alone or in combination with other methods for spot treatment. Creams used in the treatment of spots contain kojic acid, glycolic acid, vitamin C and hydroquinone. Creams containing retinol are also preferred because they create a peeling effect on the skin. Sunscreen creams are used in all spot treatments. These creams should be used, including during the winter months. The use of sunscreens will protect the skin from the harmful effects of the sun. Stains will darken with sunlight without protective cream.
Laser treatments or mesotherapy are applied to quickly treat skin spots . Different types of laser can be preferred for laser treatment. Lasers provide peeling of the top layer of the skin. Fractional lasers work by targeting color cells. Q-switched lasers are concentrated light sources and are often preferred. In addition, IPL devices can also be used. The specialist may be preferred depending on the tone of the stain, how widespread the stain is and where the stains are located.
Mesotherapy is the name given to mixtures prepared from special drugs that remove stains. They are injected under the skin. This is how blemishes are treated. This method can be used both with laser treatment and in combination with other treatment methods listed.
Although it is not entirely possible to prevent skin blemishes, some measures that a person will take will prevent the proliferation of blemishes. Sun protection is one of the most basic and effective methods that can be taken to prevent spots. This method also reduces the risk of skin cancer. You can wear loose clothing and cover your body to protect yourself from the sun. At noon, the sunlight comes in at a very steep angle. Therefore, do not be under the sun at noon. If possible, wait for a better time to go out. Be sure to use sunscreen creams. Apply the creams to your exposed areas. Renew the sunscreen when you are out in the sun for too long. In order for sunscreen creams to be effective, the creams must be chosen correctly.
When choosing sunscreen, make sure it has a high SPF value. Cream, spray etc. There are different forms of sunscreens. Choose the type that is easiest for you to apply. Use according to the area for which the sunscreen is produced. If the sunscreen is only suitable for the face area, avoid using it on different body areas. Always wear sunscreen, even in winter.
If you do not apply sunscreen, your spots will increase and your spots will become darker. This causes them to become more prominent. You may even need to have spot treatment . More importantly, prolonged exposure of the skin to the sun without protection can cause skin cancer.